Five-striped Hogfish, Bodianus paraleucosticticus Gomon 2006

A Five-striped Hogfish, Bodianus paraleucosticticus, from Holmes Reef, Coral Sea, Australia. Source: Fenton Walsh / FishBase. License: All rights reserved

A small species of Bodianus with narrow reddish-orange stripes along the sides that become yellow towards the rear of the body, a yellow ventral stripe, a large black spot on the pectoral-fin base, and a prominent black spot on the spinous dorsal fin.

Video of a Five-striped Hogfish at Cairns Marine, collected at Holmes Reef in the Coral Sea
Video of a Five-striped Hogfish in an aquarium

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray & Martin F. Gomon, Bodianus paraleucosticticus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 12 Jul 2020,

Five-striped Hogfish, Bodianus paraleucosticticus Gomon 2006

More Info


Recorded in the Australian region from Holmes Reef in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical Western Pacific - Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia and the Cook Islands. 
The species inhabits deep reefs and may be more widespread in the Western Pacific.


Meristic features: Dorsal fin XII, 10; Anal fin III, 12; Gill rakers 15-17; Predorsal scales 18-19.

Distinguished by having the predorsal scales reaching forward barely beyond above centre of eye on dorsal midline of head; dorsal fin with long spines, the first spine 7.8-8.1% SL, second spine 9.5-10.3% SL, and 12th spine 15.0-16.7% SL; first anal-fin spine 6.6-8.8% SL, third anal-fin spine 15.1-17.7% SL. 

Similar Species

Differs from Bodianus leucosticticus in having a larger and more prominent black spot at the front of the dorsal fin, and a yellow rather than a red ventral stripe on the side, longer medial-fin spines, predorsal scales reaching forward on the dorsal midline of the head to about the centre of the eye and apparently reaching a smaller maximum size.


The specific name paraleucosticticus is from the Greek para meaning 'near', leukos  meaning 'white', and stiktos meaning 'spotted', in reference to the close relationship between this species and Bodianus leucosticticus.

Species Citation

Bodianus paraleucosticticus Gomon, 2006, Rec. Aust. Mus. Suppl. 30: 52, Fig. 33, Pl. 4I-J. Type locality: Rarotonga. 


Dianne J. Bray & Martin F. Gomon

Five-striped Hogfish, Bodianus paraleucosticticus Gomon 2006


Gomon, M.F. 2006. A revision of the labrid fish genus Bodianus with descriptions of eight new species. Records of the Australian Museum Supplement 30: 1-133. PDF

Russell, B. 2010. Bodianus paraleucosticticus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. . Downloaded on 15 April 2014.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37384212

Biology:Able to change sex

Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient

Depth:50-115 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish (very rare)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:10 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map