Rainbow Monocle Bream, Scolopsis regina Whitley 1837

Other Names: Barred-face Spinecheek, Barred-face Spine-cheek, Lattice Spinecheek, Monocle Bream, Monogrammed Monocle Bream, Rainbow Bream, Regal Coral Bream, Threadfin Monocle-bream

A Rainbow Monocle Bream, Scolopsis regina, at Dampier, Western Australia. Source: Rick Stuart-Smith / Reef Life Survey. License: CC BY Attribution

A monocle bream with two blue bands connecting the anterior margins of the eyes, two brown bands across the dorsal surface of the snout, a distinct suborbital blue band from the lower margin of the eye to the upper-jaw lip, a dark blue caudal-fin base, a blue stripe along the upper caudal-fin lobe, relatively long upper and lower caudal-fin lobes, and a relatively wide blue margin on the rear of the caudal fin. 
In Australia, this species was previously known as Scolopsis monogramma, which if found in East and Southeast Asia.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2024, Scolopsis regina in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 May 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/620

Rainbow Monocle Bream, Scolopsis regina Whitley 1837

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Endemic to northern Australia, from Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia, to Sydney, New South Wales. Elsewhere the species occurs in Papua New Guinea.


Lateral-line scales 45–48; scale rows below the lateral line 18-20; preopercular scale rows below the lateral line 6-7; Gill rakers, (total first arch) 9–11.
No anteriorly projecting suborbital spine; scaled dorsal area of head reaching anteriorly to between anterior margin of eye and posterior nostril; bony ridge of opercle and lower limb of preopercle scaled; scaled lateral area of head extending to just behind eye. 

Species Citation

Scolopsis regina Whitley 1937, Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 11(2): 137. Type locality: Rib Reef, off Townsville, Queensland, Australia.


Bray, D.J. 2024


Atlas of Living Australia

Rainbow Monocle Bream, Scolopsis regina Whitley 1837


Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. (as Scolopsis monogramma)

Coleman, N. 1974. Australian Marine Fishes in Colour. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reid 108 pp. (as Scolopsis monogramma)

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. (as Scolopsis monogramma

Hung, K.-W., Russell, B.C. & Chen, W.-J. 2017. Molecular systematics of threadfin breams and relatives (Teleostei, Nemipteridae). Zoologica Scripta 46: 536–551. https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12237

Hutchins, B. 2004. Fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 66: 343–398 (as Scolopsis monogramma)

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 (as Scolopsis monogramma)

Ishihara, S., Russell, B.C. & Motomura, H. 2023. Reinstatement and redescription of the monocle bream Scolopsis regina Whitley 1937 (Perciformes: Nemipteridae). Ichthyological Research https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-023-00940-2

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) (as Scolopsis monogramma)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. (as Scolopsis monogramma)

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. (as Scolopsis monogramma)

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. (as Scolopsis monogramma

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. (as Scolopsis monogramma)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. (as Scolopsis monogramma)

Russell, B.C. 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Nemipterid fishes of the World (Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams, Monocle breams, Dwarf monocle breams, and Coral breams — Family Nemipteridae). Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 12. Rome : FAO 149 pp. VIII pls. (as Scolopsis monogramma in part)

Russell, B.C. 2001. Nemipteridae. pp. 3051-3089 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. (as Scolopsis monogramma in part)

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. (as Scolopsis monogramma in part)

Whitley, G.P. 1937. Further ichthyological miscellanea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 11(2): 113-148 figs 11-13 See ref at BHL 

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37347006

Depth:2-59 m

Habitat:Reef associated

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CAAB distribution map