Eastern Striped Grunter, Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)

Other Names: Eastern Striped Trumpeter, Six-lined Trumpeter, Striped Grunter, Striped Trumpeter, Trumpeter Perch

Eastern Striped Grunter, Pelates sexlineatus, at Fly Point, Port Stephens, New South Wales, 13 November 2016. Source: Erik Schlogl / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A brownish to silver-grey grunter with six dark stripes along the side, the broadest being the stripe from the snout, through the eye to the upper part of the caudal peduncle.
This species was previously known as Pelates sexlineatus.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Pelates sexlineatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 23 Jul 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/698

Eastern Striped Grunter, Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)

More Info


Endemic to Eastern Australia from Moreton Bay, Queensland, to Wonboyn River Estuary, southern New South Wales. Forms schools in bays, estuaries and coastal waters, often over seagrass beds near the estuary mouths. Juveniles recruit to seagrass beds.


Feeds mostly on crustaceans.


Of minor commercial importance in New South Wales - taken in the Estuary General Fishery, and also as discarded bycatch in the New South Wales Estuary Prawn Trawl Fishery and the Ocean Trawl Fishery. In New South Wales, recreational anglers also catch this species.

Similar Species

The Fourline Striped Grunter, Pelates quadrilineatus, differs in having a dark blotch on the spinous dorsal fin, often a dark blotch just behind the top of the gill cover, and an additional short stripe between the upper stripes. The Western Striped Grunter, Helotes octolineatus has a shorter head, and the upper stripes are often wavy and broken into a series of spots.

Species Citation

Pristopoma sexlineatum Quoy & Gaimard, 1824, Voyage autour du Monde 1: 320. Type locality: Port Jackson, Sydney, New South Wales.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Eastern Striped Grunter, Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)


Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1829. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 3 500 pp., pls 41-71.

Davis, A.M., Unmack, P.J., Pusey, B.J., Pearson, R.G. & Morgan, D.L. 2013. Ontogenetic development of intestinal length and relationships to diet in an Australasian fish family (Terapontidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 53, 16 pp.

Edgar, G.J. 2000. Australian marine life, revised edition: The plants and animals of temperate waters. Reed New Holland. (as Pelates sexlineatus)

Edgar, G.J. & Shaw, C. 1995. The production and tropic ecology of shallow-water fish assemblages in southern Australia. III. General relationships between sediments, seagrasses, invertebrates and fishes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 194: 107-131. (as Pelates sexlineatus)

Herdson, D. 2010. Pelates sexlineatus (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T155026A115262017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T155026A4704454.en. Downloaded on 04 April 2019.

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) (as Pelates sexlineatus)

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. (as Pelates sexlineatus)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. (as Pelates sexlineatus)

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. (as Pelates sexlineatus)

Kwak, S.N. & Klumpp, D.W. 2004. Temporal variation in species composition and abundance of fish and decapods of a tropical seagrass bed in Cockle Bay, North Queensland, Australia. Aquatic Biology 78: 119-134.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293.

Neira, F.J., Miskiewicz, A.G. & Trnski, T. 1998. Larvae of temperate Australian fishes: laboratory guide for larval fish identification. University of Western Australia Press. (as Pelates sexlineatus)

Quoy, J.R.C. & Gaimard, J.P. 1824. Chapter 8. Poissons. 183-328 pls 43-65 in Freycinet, L.C.D. de (ed.). Voyage autour du Monde, entrepris par ordre du Roi, exécuté sur les corvettes de S.M. Uranie et la Physicienne, pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820. Paris : Pillet Aîné Vol. 1 712 pp. 96 pls.

Sanchez-Jerez, P., Gillanders, B.M. & Kingsford, M.J. 2002. Spatial variation in the abundance of prey and diet of trumpeter (Pelates sexlineatus: Teraponidae) associated with Zostera capricorni seagrass meadows. Austral Ecology 27: 200-210.

Smith, K.A. & Suthers, I.M. 2000. Consistent timing of juvenile fish recruitment to seagrass beds within two Sydney estuaries. Marine and Freshwater Research 52: 765-776 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF99142 Abstract

Vari, R.P. 1978. The terapon perches (Percoidei, Terapontidae) a cladistic analysis and taxonomic revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 159(5): 175-340 figs 1-94 

Vari, R.P. 2001. Family Terapontidae. pp. 3305-3316 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. 

Whitley, G.P. 1962. Marine Fishes, pp. 44-52, in Natural History of Sydney. Australian Museum.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37321005

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-30 m

Habitat:Bays, inlets, estuaries

Max Size:20 cm

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CAAB distribution map